Stakeholder Democracy: Represented Democracy in a Time of Fear  Available Now.


Sustainable Development Goals Zero Draft June 2nd 2014

Introduction and Proposed Goals and Targets on Sustainable Development for the Post2015 Development Agenda


Poverty eradication is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. We are therefore committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.


We recognize that poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development.

We reaffirm our commitment to fully implement the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg Plan of Implementation) and the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Barbados Programme of Action) and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. We also reaffirm our commitment to the full implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011-2020 (Istanbul Programme of Action), the Almaty Programme of Action: Addressing the Needs of Landlocked Developing Countries within a New Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation for Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries, the political declaration on Africa’s development needs, and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development.

We reaffirm that we continue to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, with full respect for international law and its principles. We further reaffirm the importance of freedom, peace and security, respect for all human rights, including the right to development and the right to an adequate standard of living, including the right to food, the rule of law, good governance, gender equality, women’s empowerment and the overall commitment to just and democratic societies for development. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other international instruments relating to human rights and international law.

We recognize that people are at the centre of sustainable development and, in this regard, we strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and we commit to work together to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development and environmental protection and thereby to benefit all.

 We affirm that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions.

We recognize that each country faces specific challenges to achieve sustainable development, and we underscore the special challenges facing the most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing the middle-income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.

We reaffirm all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.

We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen international cooperation to address the persistent challenges related to sustainable development for all, in particular in developing countries. Sustainable development can only be achieved with a broad alliance of people, governments, civil society and the private sector, all working together to secure the future we want for present and future generations.

We reaffirm that the means of implementation identified in Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development and the Doha Declaration on Financing for Development are indispensable for achieving the full and effective translation of sustainable development commitments into tangible sustainable development outcomes. We reiterate that each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development and that the role of national policies, domestic resources and development strategies cannot be overemphasized. We reaffirm that developing countries need additional resources for sustainable development. We recognize the need for significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources and the effective use of financing, in order to promote sustainable development. We acknowledge that good governance and the rule of law at the national and international levels are essential for sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger.

Sustainable Development Goals are accompanied by targets and will be further elaborated through indicators focused on measurable outcomes. They are action oriented, global in nature and universally applicable to all countries, while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities. They integrate economic, social and environmental aspects and recognize their interlinkages in achieving sustainable development in all its dimensions.

List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030

 1.    End poverty in all its forms everywhere

2.    End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable agriculture

3.    Attain healthy life for all at all ages

4.    Provide equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all

5.    Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere

6.    Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world

7.    Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all

8.    Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all

9.    Promote sustainable industrialization

10.Reduce inequality within and among countries

11.Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements

12.Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

13.Promote actions at all levels to address climate change

14.Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas

15.Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss

16.Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions

17.Strengthen and enhance the means of implementation and global partnership for sustainable development


Proposed goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

1.1      by 2030, eradicate extreme poverty by bringing the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day to zero

1.2      reduce by at least x% the proportion of people living below national poverty lines by 2030

1.3      by 2030, fully implement nationally appropriate social protection measures including floors, with a focus on coverage of the poor, the most marginalized and people in vulnerable situations

1.4      by 2030 achieve equal access to productive employment and decent work for all, including the poor, persons with disabilities, and other people in vulnerable situations as well as women and young people 

1.5      by 2030 ensure development opportunities for all men and women, including secure rights to own land, property and other productive resources, and access to financial services, with particular focus on the poor, the most marginalized and people in vulnerable situations

1.6      by 2030 strengthen early warning and disaster risk reduction systems and related capacities with the aim of building resilience and protecting the poor and those in vulnerable situations from disasters and shocks, including climate-related extreme events

 1.7      pursue sustained and inclusive economic growth as a key enabler for achieving poverty eradication

1.8      integrate biodiversity conservation measures into national and local development strategies, planning processes and poverty reduction strategies


Proposed goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable agriculture

2.1      end hunger and ensure that all people have access to adequate, safe, affordable, and nutritious food all year round by 2030

2.2      end malnutrition in all its forms, including undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity and overweight, with special attention to reducing stunting by 40% and wasting to less than 5% in children less than 5 years of age by 2025, and address the nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating women

2.3      by 2030, substantially increase small-scale food producers’ incomes and productivity, including small family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, with a particular focus on women

2.4      by 2030 achieve access to adequate inputs, knowledge and productive resources, financial services and markets, especially for small and family farmers, pastoralists, and fishers, with a particular focus on women

2.5      by 2030, develop food systems that are more productive, sustainable, resilient and efficient, and minimize adverse human and environmental impacts without compromising food and nutrition security

2.6      by 2030 reduce by 50% global food waste at retail and consumer level

2.7      by 2030 reduce by 50% production and post-harvest food losses and those along food supply chains

2.8      by 2030, fully implement agricultural practices that strengthen resilience and adaptation to extreme weather, drought, climate change and natural disasters, in particular for small-scale farmers

 2.9      achieve by 2030 protection and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity, including through enhanced use and application of indigenous practices and local and traditional knowledge, and through agricultural research and development related to agro-biodiversity and diversity of food

2.10   improve effectiveness of addressing humanitarian food emergencies, including as appropriate through stockholding

2.11   by 2030 fully implement measures that curb excessive food price volatility and ensure proper functioning of markets.


Proposed goal 3. Attain healthy life for all at all ages

3.1      by 2030 reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 40 per 100,000 live births

3.2      by 2030 end preventable newborn, infant and under-five deaths

3.3      by 2030 end HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases

3.4      by 2030 reduce by x% premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), reduce deaths from injuries, including halving road traffic deaths, promote mental health and wellbeing, and strengthen prevention and treatment of narcotic drug and substance abuse

3.5      by 2030 increase healthy life expectancy for all by x%

3.6      achieve universal health coverage (UHC), including financial risk protection,  with particular attention to the most marginalized and people in vulnerable situations

3.7      by 2030 ensure universal availability and access to safe, effective and quality affordable essential medicines, vaccines, and medical technologies for all

3.8      ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health for all

3.9      by 2030 decrease by x% the number of deaths and illnesses from indoor and outdoor air pollution


Proposed goal 4. Provide equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all

4.1     by 2030 ensure all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes

4.2     by 2030 ensure equal access for all to affordable quality tertiary education and life-long learning

4.3     by 2030 increase by x% the proportion of children able to access and complete  inclusivequality pre-primary education and other early childhood development programmes

4.4     achieve universal youth literacy and basic numeracy and an increase by x% of adult literacy and basic numeracy by 2030

4.5     by 2030 increase by x% the number of young and adult women and men with the skills needed for employment, including vocational training, ICT, technical, engineering and scientific skills

 4.6     by 2030 ensure that people in vulnerable situations and marginalized people including persons with disabilities and indigenous peopleshave access to inclusive education, skills development and vocational training aligned with labour market needs

4.7     by 2030 integrate relevant knowledgeand skills in education curricula and training programs, including education for sustainable development and awareness raising on culture’s contribution to sustainable development

4.8     by 2030 ensure that all schools and other educational institutions provide safe, healthy, non-discriminatory and inclusive learning environments for all

4.9     by 2030 enhance the quality of teaching through promoting training for teachers


Proposed goal 5.  Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere

5.1     end all forms of discrimination against women and girls

5.2     eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in public and private spaces

5.3     eliminate all harmful practices, including child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations

5.4     ensure equal access to quality education and eliminate gender disparities at all levels of education and training

5.5     ensure women’s equal access to full and productive employment and decent work, and equal pay for work of equal value

5.6     reduce and redistribute unpaid care and domestic work through shared responsibility

5.7     ensure women’s equal access to, control and ownership of assets and natural and other productive resources, as well as non-discriminatory access to essential services and infrastructure, including financial services and ICT

5.8     ensure full, equal and effective participation and leadership of women at all levels of decision-making in the public and private spheres

5.9     ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights in accordance with the Programme of Action of the ICPD

5.10  promote the availability of gender disaggregated data to improve gender equality policies, includinggender responsive budgeting

5.11  fully engage men and boys in efforts to promote and achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls


Proposed goal 6. Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world

6.1      by 2030, provide universal access to safe and affordable drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene for all

6.2      by 2030 provide universal access to safe and affordable sanitation and hygiene including at home, schools, health centers and refugee camps, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls

6.3      by 2030, improve water quality by significantly reducing pollution, eliminating dumping of toxic materials, and improving wastewater management by x%, recycling and reuse by y%

6.4      by 2030, improve water-use efficiency by x% across all sectors

6.5      implement integrated water resources management, including appropriate trans-boundary co-operation

6.6      ensure sustainable extraction and supply of fresh water, and by 2020 protect and restore ec

6.7      by 2030 decrease by x%mortality, and decrease by y% economic losses caused by natural and human-induced water-related disasters

6.8      provide adequate facilities and infrastructure, both built and natural, for safe drinking water and sanitation systems, for productive uses of water resources and for mitigating the impacts of water-related disasters


Proposed goal7. Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all

7.1      by 2030 ensure universal access to sustainable modernenergy services for all

7.2      double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030

7.3      double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030

7.4      by 2030 increase by x% globally the share of clean energy technologies, including sustainable biomass and advanced cookstoves

7.5      by 2030 phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption, with solutions that aim to secure affordable energy for the poorest

7.6      by 2030 expand and upgrade as appropriate infrastructure for supply, transmission and distribution of modern and renewable energy services in rural and urban areas, including with a view to doubling primary energy supply per capita for LDCs


Proposed goal8. Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all

8.1      sustain per capita economic growth of at least x% per annum (with x being set at a level appropriate to national circumstances)

8.2      sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the income distribution of each country of at least y (greater than x)% to reduce income inequalities by 2030 

8.3      by 2030 achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities

8.4      by 2020 halve the number of youth not in employment, education or training

8.5      create a sound macroeconomic environment with strong fiscal and monetary policies

8.6      create an enabling environment for business with strong national economic institutions and policies that support investment and promote competition

8.7      create incentives for the development of sustainable tourism which takes into account community participation, local culture and local products

8.8      create enabling conditions for increased growth and productivity of micro-, small- and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs), including through policies that promote entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and through improved access to markets and financial services

8.9      increase the share of high productivity sectors and activities in the economy, and strengthen productive capacities through technological upgrading, greater value addition and product diversification, with a particular focus on LDCs

8.10   promote greater resource efficiency of economic activities, including through sustainable supply chains, according to national circumstances and capacities

8.11   support the development of quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure for transport, energy, water and communications, in particular in developing countries with a focus on access for the rural and urban poor

8.12   improve regional and trans-border infrastructure to promote effective regional economic integration and facilitate trade

8.13   end child labour by 2030, protect the rights and ensure safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers and those in precarious employment

8.14   promote formalization of informal sector activities and employment

8.15   by 2030 lower the overall costs in migration processes and minimize transaction costs of remittances

8.16   explore the possibility of a broader system of capital accounting looking beyond GDP and incorporating social, human and environmental capital


Proposed goal9.Promote sustainable industrialization

 9.1    achieve structural transformation of economies towards progressively higher levels of productivity in all sectors and activities

9.2  respect national policy space and national circumstances for industrial development, particularly in developing countries

9.3    ensure a conducive policy environment for industrial development, including encouragement of industrial entrepreneurship and enterprise formation with inclusion of micro- and SMEs

9.4    significantly raise industry’s share of employment and GDP in line with national strategies, including doubling manufacturing’s share in LDCs by 2030

9.5    increase industrial diversification in developing countries, including through enhanced domestic processing of raw materials and commodities and through new product development

9.6    support the integration of developing country industrial enterprises, particularly in Africa and LDCs, into regional and global value chains

9.7    create decent industrial sector jobs and promote job-rich industrial development

 9.8    promote industrial research, development and innovation, including raising the ratio of R&D workers per one million people by x% and the share of R&D spending in GDP by y%

9.9    upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in developing countries, including in middle income countries, and improve industrial resource efficiency by accelerating the development, transfer and adoption of environmentally sound technologies and processes

9.10promote indigenous technology development and the growth of domestic innovation in developing countries


9.11by 2030 retrofit x% of existing industries with clean technologies and environmentally sound industrial processes to achieve y% energy and z% resource-efficiency improvement, with all countries taking action, developed countries taking the lead and developing countries following a similar pattern taking into account their development needs and capabilities. 

9.12ensure small-scale industrial producers have affordable access to credit and financial services


Proposed goal10.  Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduce inequality among social groups within countries:

 10.1  by 2030 eliminate discriminatory laws, policies and practices

10.2  achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population that is higher than the national average through 2030

 10.3  by 2030 reduce inequalities of opportunity and outcome among social groups, including economic, social, and environmental inequalities

 10.4  work towards reversing the decline of the share of labour income in GDP where relevant

 10.5  empower and promote the social and economic inclusion of the poor, the marginalized and people in vulnerable situations, including indigenous peoples, women, minorities, migrants, persons with disabilities, older persons, children and youth

 10.6  promote and respect cultural diversity

 10.7  ensure the availability of high-quality, timely and disaggregated data to ensure monitoring of progress for marginalized groups and people in vulnerable situations

 International actions to reduce inequalities among nations:

 10.8      establish measures at global level to reduce inequality among countries

 10.9      promote strong international institutions, including through the conclusion of reforms for increasing effective and democratic participation of developing countries in international financial institutions

10.10   improve regulation of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen their implementation

 10.11   facilitate greater international mobility of labour while mitigating brain drain

 10.12   assist developing countries in attaining long term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring


Proposed goal11. Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements

11.1       by 2030, ensure universal access to adequate and affordable housing and basic services for all, and eliminate slum-like conditions everywhere

11.2       by 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport for all, expand public transport and improve road safety

11.3       enhance capacities for integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management for all, particularly developing countries

11.4       strengthen positive economic and social links between cities and peri-urban and rural areas

11.5       by 2030, reduce the environmental impacts of cities and improve the quality of environment in cities

11.6       by 2020, increase by x% the number of human settlements adopting and implementing policies and plans towards resilience and adaptation to climate change and natural disasters

11.   enhance social cohesion and personal security, and ensure universal access to inclusive and safe public spaces

11.8       by 2030 ensure that all cities are accessible and offer opportunities to persons with disabilities

11.9       protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage


Proposed goal 12. Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

12.1       Time-bound effective implementation of the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on sustainable consumption and production (10YFP)

12.2       by 2030 achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources to enhance human welfare within the carrying capacity of ecosystems

12.3       significantly improve the resource efficiency of economic activities and decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, with all countries taking action, developed countries taking the lead, and developing countries following a similar pattern taking into account their development needs and capabilities

12.4       promote sound management of chemicals and hazardous waste in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and by 2030 significantly reduce the releases of chemicals and hazardous wastes to air, water and soil

12.5       by 2030 reduce by x% per capita waste through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.6       by 2030 at least halve per capita food waste at retail and consumer level, particularly in developed countries and countries with high per capita food waste

12.7       by 2030 redouble efforts to create a culture of sustainable lifestyles, including through education, awareness raising, sustainability information on products and services, policies and incentives

12.8       by 2020 create economic incentives and scientific and technological capacities that enable and promote sustainable consumption and a circular economy

12.9       by 2030 increase by x% the number of companies, especially publicly listed and large companies, reporting on corporate social and environmental responsibility, including integrated reporting

12.10    by 2030, increase the share of private sector actors incorporating sustainable development principles in their business practices, including sustainable supply chains, with due regard to the circumstances and capacity needs of micro- and SMEs

12.11    by 2030 increase the share of sustainable products and services in public procurement, including through competitive and transparent procurement processes


Proposed goal13. Promote actions at all levels to address climate change

Build a climate change goal based on the outcome of COP21 of the UNFCCC

13.1   hold the increase in global average temperature below a x°C rise in accordance with international agreements

13.2   build resilience and adaptive capacity to climate induced hazards in all vulnerable countries

13.3   by 20xx integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies into development plans and poverty reduction strategies

13.4   by 20xx introduce instruments and incentives for investments in low-carbon solutions in all relevant sectors

13.5   improve education, awareness raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change impact reduction and early warning


Proposed goal14. Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas

14.1       by 2030, reduce by x% marine pollutionof all kinds, including from land-based activities

14.2       by 2020, sustainably manage, restore and protect marine ecosystems from destruction, including by strengthening their resilience, and support relevant scientific research

14.3       address and prevent further ocean acidification

14.4       by 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing to restore by 2030 fish stocks to ecologically safe levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield

14.5       support sustainable small-scale fisheries and aquaculture, including by providing equitable access of small-scale and artisanal fishers to fisheries and markets

14.6       ensure the full implementation of existing regional and international regimes for managing oceans and seas by their state parties

14.7       by 2020, eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices

14.8       By 2020, conserve at least 10% of coastal and marine areas, including through establishing effectively managed marine protected areas, consistent with international law and based on best available scientific information

14.9       by 2020, eliminate subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, taking into account the need of developing countries, notably least developed countries and SIDS

14.10    by 2030, increase the economic returns to SIDS and LDCs from the sustainable development of coastal and marine resources from within their jurisdictions

14.11    implement integrated and participatory coastal management to increase resilience of coastal ecosystems


Proposed goal15.  Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss

15.1       by 2020 halt the loss of all biodiversity, and protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

15.2       by 2020 ensure conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems, with particular attention to wetlands, including through restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems

15.3       maintain genetic diversity of both cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and their wild relatives including through effective cooperation of national institutions

15.4       by 2030, ensure the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests and of mountain ecosystems

 15.5       by 2030 reverse the loss of and enhance forest cover worldwide, increase reforestation by x%, including by providing adequate incentives for developing countries

15.6       by 2030, halt and prevent land degradation, reclaim land affected by desertification and drought, and improve land productivity and soil quality

15.7       ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefitsarising from the utilization of genetic resources

15.8       end poaching and trafficking of endangered species, and end demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

15.9       introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems, and by 2020 control or eliminate the priority invasive species

15.10    ensure free prior informed consent of indigenous peoples and local communities in decision making and natural resources management, and promote the use of their traditional knowledge

15.11    integrate natural resources and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, and accounts


Proposed goal16. Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions

Fostering peaceful and inclusive societies:

16.1       by 2030 reduce levels of violence and related death rate by x%

16.2       by 2030 end abuse, exploitation and violence against children

16.3       by 2030 reduce illicit financial flows by x% and reduce money laundering and all forms of organized crime including human trafficking and illicit trade in arms, drugs and wildlife

16.4       by 2030 increase inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels, taking into consideration the interests of present and future generations

16.5       by 2020 build necessary capacities of sub-national and local governments for fostering peaceful and inclusive societies

16.6       forge unity in diversity through democratic practices and mechanisms at the local, national and international levels

16.7       by 2020 provide information and education on a culture of non-violence 

16.8       strengthen mechanisms for formal and non-formal dispute resolution at all levels

16.9       reduce the number of internally displaced persons and refugees

16.10    enhance the capacity, professionalism and accountability of the security forces, police and judiciary

Rule of law, effective and capable institutions:

16.11    develop effective, accountable and transparent public institutions at all levels

16.12    by 2030 provide equal access for all to independent, effective,and responsive justice systems that respect due-process rights, and equal access to legal aid

16.13    by 2020 provide legal identity for all, including birth registrations

16.14    by 2020 improve public access to information and government data, including on public finance management, public procurement and on the implementation of  national development plans

16.15    by 2030 ensure that all laws are publicized and accessible by all

16.16    by 2030 establish and implement effective regimes to decrease and provide accountability for corruption and bribery in all its forms and at all levels

16.17    promote freedom of media, association and speech


Proposed goal17.Strengthen and enhance the means of implementation and global partnership for sustainable development

Proposed goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

17.1      develop and implement effective and targeted capacity building programmes in developing countries in support of national plans for implementing sustainable development goals

17.2      realize timely implementation of duty-free quota-free market access, on a lasting basis for all least developed countries in accordance with WTO decisions and the Istanbul Programme of Action

17.3      developed countries implement fully ODA commitments to provide 0.7% of GNI in ODA to developing countries of which 0.15-0.20% to least-developed countries on an agreed timeline based on internationally agreed principles

17.4      direct ODA and encourage financial flows to states where the need is greatest, in particular African countries, LDCs, SIDS, LLDCs, and vulnerable states

17.5      ensure that adequate policy space is given to developing countries by the international organizations to enable developing countries to establish and implement their policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development

17.6      support broad-based multi-stakeholder partnerships, including with civil society, the private sector, and multiple levels of government, that mobilize knowledge, expertise, technologies and financial resources to support achievement of sustainable development goals, particularly in developing countries

Proposed goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable agriculture

17.7      reduce distortions in international trade, including phasing out all forms of agricultural export subsidies as soon as possible in line with the objective set out by the WTO Ministers in the 2005 Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration

17.8      improve regulation with strengthened implementation of financial institutions and financial markets, including food commodity markets, to ensure global financial stability and to help dampen food price volatility

17.9      increase investment in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, technology development, institutions and capacity building in developing countries to enhance agricultural productive capacity, particularly in countries that are net food importers

Proposed goal 3. Attain healthy life for all at all ages

17.10   strengthen implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries who have ratified the Convention and urge countries that have not ratified it to ratify and implement it

17.11   support research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries

17.12   in cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential medicines in developing countries, and support developing countries’ use of TRIPS flexibilities

17.13   increase by 2030 the recruitment, development and training and retention of the health workforce by x% and teachers by y% in developing countries, especially in LDCs

17.14   increase the capacity for early warning, risk reduction, and management of national and global health risks

Proposed goal 4. Provide equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all

17.15   by 2020 expand by x% globally the number of scholarships for students from developing countries to enrol in higher education programmes in developed countries and other developing countries, with a particular focus on science, engineering, health, economics, finance, management and sustainable development

Proposed goal 5.  Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere

17.16   by 2030, achieve universal access to ICT for all women and men, including as a means of promoting women’s empowerment

17.17   increase financial resources and services across all sectors to achieve gender equality, empowerment of women, and the realization and enjoyment of women’s and girls’ human rights

Proposed goal6. Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world

17.18   by 2030, expand international cooperation and support in water and sanitation related technologies, including water harvesting technologies and wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

Proposed goal7. Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all

17.19   enhance international cooperation to facilitate developing countries’ access to clean energy technologies, including through appropriate partnerships

17.20   encourage public and private sector investment, in particular public-private partnerships, in energy infrastructure and cleaner energy technologies

Proposed goal8. Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all

17.21   enhance global macroeconomic policy coordination and increase policy coherence in support of sustainable development

17.22   promote an open, rules-based, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system, including complying with the mandate for agriculture, services and non-agricultural products of the World Trade Organisation Doha Round and implementing the outcomes of the World Trade Organisation Bali Declaration

17.23   ensure a speedy conclusion of an ambitious, balanced, comprehensive and development-oriented outcome of the Doha Development Agenda of multilateral trade negotiations

17.24   improve market access for agricultural, fisheries and industrial exports of developing countries in particular African countries, Least Developed Countries, LLDCs and SIDS  with a view to increasing their share of exports in global markets

17.25   increase trade-related capacity-building assistance to developing countries, including support for building their capacity to meet product regulations and standards, and enhance Aid for Trade initiatives including through the “Enhanced Integrated Framework”

17.26   promote regional and international collaboration on and access to science, technology, innovation, research and knowledge sharing, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation

17.27   mobilize additional international financial resources for development from multiple sources

17.28   strengthen domestic resource mobilization of developing countries, providing international support to improving tax collection, tax and natural resource revenue transparency

17.29   facilitate investments in developing countries in infrastructure such as roads, railways, ports, water supply and treatment, and ICT

17.30   by 2030 countries progressively introduce broader measures of progress beyond GDP into national accounting, with supportive statistical capacity building in developing countries

Proposed goal9.Promote sustainable industrialization

17.31   promote transfer and dissemination of clean and environmentally sound technologies to developing countries, including through the possible implementation of a UN global technology facilitation mechanism, and encourage the full use of TRIPs flexibilities

17.32   fully operationalize the Technology Bank and STI Capacity Building Mechanism for LDCs by 2017

17.33   build science, technology and innovation capacity in developing countries, including to undertake technology assessment and research, development and adaptation of clean and environmentally sound technologies

Proposed goal10.  Reduce inequality within and among countries

17.34   by 2030 reduce to 5% or below the transaction costs of migrants’ remittances, including regulatory and administrative costs

17.35   enhance global cooperation to facilitate orderly, safe, responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and managed migration policies that facilitate migrants’ contribution to sustainable development

17.36   by 2020, substantially strengthen capacities for data collection and  statistical analysis relevant to sustainable development with a focus on generating timely and high-quality data disaggregated, as appropriate, by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, and rural/urban location

Proposed goal11. Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements

17.37   provide financial and technical support to least developed countries to build urban infrastructure including communications, sewerage, waste management, recycling and other basic services

Proposed goal 12. Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

17.38   enhance international cooperation with developed countries taking the lead in implementing sustainable consumption and production patterns, including through strengthening developing countries’ scientific and technological capacities to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

17.39   establish and effectively implement a multilateral code of conduct for multinational corporations to secure social and environmental responsibility and accountability

Proposed goal13. Promote actions at all levels to address climate change / Build a climate change goal based on the outcome of COP21 of the UNFCCC

17.40   operationalize the Green Climate Fund as soon as possible

Proposed goal14. Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas

17.41   increase scientific knowledge, and develop research infrastructure and capacities to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular of SIDS and LDCs

Proposed goal15.  Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss

Proposed goal16. Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions

17.42   all countries should continue to act within the provisions of existing relevant international agreements

17.43   undertake regular monitoring and reporting of progress on SDGs within a shared accountability framework, including means of implementation, the global partnership among Member States and multi-stakeholder initiatives and partnerships

17.44   promote strong international institutions, including conclusion of reforms for increasing effective and democratic participation of developing countries in international financial institutions

17.45   cooperate globally to reduce substantially international tax evasion and avoidance

17.46   cooperate globally to combat illicit financial flows and transfers, recover stolen assets and return them to their countries of origin

  • Created on .

May-June 2014


Launching the New Book - From Rio+20 to the New Development Agenda by Felix Dodds, Jorge Laguna-Celis and Liz Thompson 

Programme for May 1st was:
Ms. Afaf Konja (Moderator)
Remarks by H.E. Mr. Román Oyarzun Marchesi
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Spain to the United Nations
Remarks by H.E. Mr. Antonio de Aguiar Patriota
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations
Remarks by H.E. Mr. Joseph Goddard
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Barbados to the United Nations
Remarks by H.E. Mrs. Yanerit Morgan
Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations
Message of appreciation on behalf of authors Mr. Jorge Laguna-Celis
Questions answered by panelists and co-authors Felix Dodds and Liz Thompson.
  • Created on .


 A Conversation with Maurice Strong on his 85th Birthday

"If the world succeeds in making a transition to truly sustainable development, all of us will owe no small debt of gratitude to Maurice Strong, whose prescience and dynamic presence on the International stage have played a key role in convincing governments and grassroots alike to embrace the principle - if not yet the practice - of adopting a new, long-term, custodial approach to the global environment." 

Kofi Annan former UN secretary General


Tuesday April the 29th 2014 is Maurice Strong's 85th birthday


Happy Birthday Maurice, we have so much to thank you for. 


For more than half a century Maurice Strong, as much as anyone on the planet, has been the torchbearer for the cause of sustainable development – as visionary, humanist, teacher, businessman and diplomat, as well as champion global thought and action leader.

His crowning achievement was to curate and manage the 1992 Rio Earth Summit which brought together more than 100 Heads of State to forge a landmark Agenda 21 based consensus, which changed the course of our planet and its people towards a better and brighter future. 

Alone this would have been a huge achievement but he also was in addition to being Secretary General to the first UN Conference on Environment in 1972 and the first Executive Director of United Nations Environment Programme.






.be" target="_blank" data-blogger-escaped-target="_blank">video  'A Conversation with Maurice Strong' was created by Barbara Pyle and Frank Melli to show the measure of the man and the enduring, game-changing nature of his thinking, action and teaching. It is a must for any  sustainable  development advocate to watch and we hope a teaching aid for all courses on the subject. 


It has been released for his 85th birthday on April 29th with the support of Felix Dodds and Geoffrey Lipman on the launch of the Maurice Strong University Network, which will seek to carry his ideas to a global audience through the medium of Travel & Tourism, which he has always recognized as a force for positive change.



In 2011 and 2012 I had the pleasure with Michael Strauss and Maurice Strong on the book Only One Earth - The Long Road via Rio to Sustainable Development - a history of sustainable development at the global level over the last 40 years.



In the runup to Rio+20 Maurice did warn us of the challenges we face we will know next year when the SDGs and the climate negotiations have finished if we are on the right path or not.


“Indeed, it has never been more important to heed the evidence of science that time is running out on our ability to manage successfully our impacts on the Earth’s environmental, biodiversity, resource and life-support systems on which human life as we know it depend.


We must rise above the lesser concerns that preempt our attention and respond to the reality that the future of human life on Earth depends on what we do, or fail to do in this generation.


What we have come to accept as normal is not normal, as increased human numbers, the growing intensity of human impacts and the demographic dilemma faced by so many nations are returning the Earth to the conditions that have been normal for most of its existence that do not support human life as we know it.

We must deal with this as the most dangerous security issue humanity has ever faced, with the very conditions necessary to life on Earth at risk.” 


Happy 85th Birthday Maurice Strong 


The Global Research Institute at the University of North Carolina have asked me to stay for another year this time as a Senior Fellow. Very excited about continuing the work on the Nexus.



June will see the publishing of the NEW book - The Plain Language Guide to Rio+20 and the New Development Agenda written again with Jorge Laguna Celis and Liz Thompson it will help those already engaged in the follow up to Rio+20 and the development of the new development agenda. The book will be a Kindle download from a new publishing house New World Frontiers which will launch also in June.  More on that next month. The front cover will again be done by John Charles the UK marvel artist.



An interview with Felix Dodds in Forbes Magazine by Terry Waghorn. Discussing the backdrop to his most recent book, From Rio+20 to a New Development Agenda: Building a Bridge to a Sustainable Future, written with Elizabeth Thompson and Jorge Laguna-Celis, provides an insider look at the 2012 conference and how it came about during one of the worst economic crises to date. The book is a companion to Only One Earth: The Long Road via Rio+20 to Sustainable Development, authored with Michael Strauss and Maurice Strong, which tells the story of sustainable development at the global level over the last forty years.



with Felix Dodds on Global Connections Television by Bill Miller focusing on sustainable development, climate change and the new Sustainable Development Goals.

  • Created on .

March 2014

Enjoying a relaxing moment before the NEXUS CONFERENCE starts (5-8th March). There will be plenary video uploads at the end of each day for those who can not make it to the Friday Center Chapel Hill. Also on my blog everyday The Daily Nexus News. We will be twittering with

From the 5-8th of March the Nexus Conference on Water-Energy-Food and Climate happened in Chapel Hill North Carolina. It had over 300 people attending from 33 countries and looked at the possible contribution that the Nexus approach might have to the Sustainable Development Goals. It produced a Declaration which can be found at the web site. It also launched an Academic and Practitioners Network. Videos of the session can be watched at. The daily newsletter was produced by Campus Blueprint.

At the Nexus Conference with Johan Kuylenstierna, Executive Director, Stockholm Environment Institute

Speaking at the Nexus Conference





  • Created on .

November 2013


Speaking at Amber Valley Liberal Democrats Annual General Meeting where they elected me as their Hon President. The same month i published with Simon Titley an article in Liberator called "How to be a Liberal Minister'

November saw the Sustainable Development Goals Open Working Group restart - I published a blog on what i thought might be the outcome from this process that will finish with a negotiated text for the September UN General Assembly.

The Nexus Conference is progressing very well and the conference has now an impressive list of supporters: World Bank, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, UNDP, UNCCD, UN HABITAT, UNITAR, IRENA, Stockholm Environment Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development and WWF International, Millennium Institute, Bioregional and WSPA. You can book a side event still until the end of December.



  • Created on .

October 2013

October was a busy speaking month with, International Renewable Energy Agency, UN Internet Governance Forum, Global Food Security and Sovereignty Forum and a lecture at UNC on MDGs to SDGs.


Felix Dodds speaking at the IRENA workshop on Social Acceptance of Renewable Energy.


Felis Dodds speaking at the UN Internet Governance Forum in Bali

Confirmation of speakers for the Nexus-Water-Energy-Food-Climate Conference - March 3rd-7th in Chapel Hill North Carolina are coming in:


  • Albert Butare: Co-chair of Bonn Nexus Conference and former Rwanda Energy Minister
  •  Adnan Z. Amin: Director General, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
  • Elizabeth Thompson: former UN Assistant Secretary General and Coordinator for Rio+20
  • Jamie Bartram; Director Water Institute University of North Carolina
  • Michael Schmitz: Executive Director of ICLEI US
  • Hans Herren: President and CEO Millennium Institute and 2013 Right Livelihood winner
  • Maruxa Cardama: Communitas Executive Project Coordinator
  • Jonas Monast: Director of Climate and Energy Program at the Nicolas Institute Duke
  • Felix Dodds: Co-director of Nexus 2014 Conference
  • Diego Rodriguez: Program Manager for the World Bank
  • Hannah Stoddart: Head of Oxfam Head of Economic Justice Policy Team
  • Zak Bleicher: Partnership Officer, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
  • Aneri Patel: Senior Associate, Energy Access at the United Nations Foundation
  • David Rothschild: Principal, Portfolio Team Skoll Foundation
  • Lyle Estill: Co-founder of Piedmont Biofuels
  • Gary Lawrence: AECOM Vice President and Chief Sustainability Officer
  • Stuart Orr: Head of Water Stewardship at WWF International
  • Anders Berntell: Executive Director, 2030 Water Resources Group
  • Steve Waygood: Chief Responsible Investment Officer, Aviva Investors
  • Geoffrey Lipman: Former Assistant Secretary General, UN World Tourism Organization
  • Joachim von Braun: Director of the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn
  • Lidia Brito: Director of Science Policy and Capacity Building for Natural Sciences, UNESCO
  • Johan Kuylenstierna: Executive Director for the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)
  • Joshua Tewksbury:  Director, Luc Hoffmann Institute

Side events registration will start 14th of October

  • Created on .

September 2013

The final meeting of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development happened on the 20th of September. I think I may be the only person to have attended all the 20 CSD meetings and preparatory meetings over the 20 years.


(photo ENB with Chris Whaley UK Government)

What was particularly rewarding was the video of that was played for governments on the last twenty years which ended with a quote of mine being read out by nine year old  Aila Ronald.

"The next generation need not become a generation of crisis, it need not be a generation of fear, it could be a generation of hope and solidarity. Lets innovate have vision and courage to bring this reality to every woman, man and child in the world." Felix Dodds

 We also saw the first meeting of the High Level Political Forum which replaces the CSD and every 4 years will be at Heads of State level. A great first meeting.

The UNGA also agreed to one path for the new development goals you can read my comments at the ANPED newsletter SWITCH

Finally we saw the launch of  Communitas - Coalition for Sustainable Cities and Regions in the new UN Development Agenda which I have the pleasure of being Advisor to as they seek a Sustainable Development Goal on urbanization and human settlements.




  • Created on .