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Stakeholder Democracy: Represented Democracy in a Time of FearAvailable Now.
I served as the moderator for the dialogue, which represents part of UN Environment’s commitment to deliver on the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development outcome document: ‘The Future We Want’. This document calls for “the active participation of all relevant stakeholders, drawing on best practices and models from relevant multilateral institutions and exploring new mechanisms, to promotetransparency and the effective engagement of civil society” within the framework of its decision to strengthen the role of the United Nations Environment Programme as the leading global environmental authority.
Stakeholder engagement has been an important component of the development of UN Environment since its inception at the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment. The concept of ‘Major Groups’ was pioneered by the first UN Environment Executive Director, Maurice Strong, when he was Secretary-General of the Earth Summit in 1992. He recognized that categorizing all nongovernment actors under the term NGO or civil society meant that not all voices were being heard. He understood that in policy discussions it is vital that women are able to provide a gender perspective, that youth can present the views of the next generation, that indigenous peoples are given the opportunity to talk about environmental impacts on their land, and that local and subnational governments can help inform national governments of the challenges to implementation at the local level. In 2004, UN Environment recognized the need to hear the voices of a broader range of stakeholders – beyond the nine Major Groups. This was also reflected by the UN as a whole in the 2030 Agenda. Multi-stakeholder dialogues in other forums could also be used to inform the development of UN Environment’s own approach to embedding stakeholders in the workings of UN Environment Assembly and UN Environment. The UN Commission on Sustainable Development from 1998 to 2001, is an interesting example. The first two days of each session were given over to four multi-stakeholder dialogues on issues that Member States were going to negotiate, enabling them to draw useful lessons into policy decisions. This approach might be worth considering for future UNEA sessions. The development of the Sustainable Development Goals provides a good illustration of how governments, the UN and relevant stakeholders can contribute their expertise to negotiations, encouraging them to engage in the implementation of these goals and targets. Multi-stakeholder partnerships will play a critical role in helping to implement UNEA decisions, particularly if stakeholders are engaged in the development of those decisions. UNEP Perspective Paper 30 available here.
This book explores the role that the Young Liberal Green Guard had on UK politics in the 1980s. It aims to inspire future young politicians of whatever political views the truth of Margaret Meads statement that: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has.” Felix Dodds was Chair of the National League of Young Liberals (1985-1987). He was also a member of the Liberal Party Council (1983-86). His has written or edited fifteen books the first of which was ‘Into the Twenty-First Century: An Agenda for Political Realignment. (1988)’. He was an Advisory Editor for New Democrat International (1988-1992). He is the President of Amber Valley Liberal Democrats.
I had the honor of moderating the Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue “People and Pollution”. at United Nations Environment Assembly 3. There were two sessions the first looking at the impact on pollution and the second on how we might address the problems. Opening the Dialogue was Ambassador Marie Chatar-dová the President of EcoSoc. She was followed by three presentations:
Sascha Gabizon, is Executive Director of Women in Europe for a Common Future and co-facilitates the Women’s Major Group at the UN ensuring participation of over 1000 Women’s organisations in the Sustainable Development Goals policy processes
Olga Speranskaya, the CoChair of IPEN (International POPs Elimination Network), a global network of non-governmental organisations working towards a toxic-free future where she has focused on the design and implementation of IPEN global strategy to address pollution sources, domestic and international chemical safety policies and processes
Halima Hussein, a Kenyan lawyer working with Natural Justice: Lawyers for Communities and the Environment. She supports marginalized communities obtain fairer environmental decisions by empowering them to use the law and thereby mitigate the impacts of extractive and infrastructure projects affecting their culture, land, and environment.
Ms Molewa, South African Minister Water and Environment
Dr Lin LI Director, of Global Policy & Advocacy WWF International
Jane Patton, Plastic Pollution Coalition
Mr Kiisler Estonia, Minister of the Environment,
The second session had the following two presentations:
Photo by IISD/ENB Mike Mururakis
Eritai Kateibwi, a Young Champions of the Earth for Asia Pacific In January 2017, he organized a major beach clean-up on Betio Red Beach historical site
Kaya Dorey, the founder of NOVEL SUPPLY CO. a sustainable apparel line made in She is also a Young Champion of the Earth, and is striving to create a zero waste, closed-loop model that takes responsibility for the products she creates.
Minister Tiilikainen, Finland’s Minister for the Environment, Energy, and Housing,
Minister Alexander Teabo, Kiribati's Minister for Environment, lands, and AgricultuDevelopmentent
Minister Helgesen, Norway's Minister of Climate and the Environment
Minister Schauvliege, Flemish Minister for Environment Nature and Agriculture and nrg4SD Co-Chair for the North
The meeting opened to further comments on what was said and what was missing from:
Minister Ms Skog, Sweden'ss Minister for the Environment
Ms. Vijoleta Gordeljevic Health and Climate Change Coordinator Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL)
Marc D’Iorio, Ph.D. Canada Director General Industrial Sectors, Chemicals, and Waste at Environment and Climate
Nick Palombo International Chamber of Commerce
Jane Nishida, Principal Deputy Assistant Administrator for EPA's Office of International and Tribal Affairs (OITA)
Sarah Nelson Birdlife International and Head of International Policy at RSPB
Leida Rijnhout Friends of The Earth Europe and the co-coordinator of the NGO Major Group
The dialogue focused on root causes for different aspects of pollution, including making the connections to poverty, rule of law, women’s rights and human rights. Respondents included Ministers and different stakeholders.
Photo by IISD/ENB Mike Mururakis
Pollution is in everything we do: it is in what we eat, it is in the air we breathe, the water we drink. Pollution is not just an environmental problem but a social, economic and health challenge. Implications of pollution affect people all around the world. But specifically, the poorest and most vulnerable people suffer the most – the poor, women and children.
Therefore, tackling pollution contributes to all dimensions of sustainable development by fighting poverty, improving health, creating decent jobs and protecting our natural resources and biodiversity.
Messages from the dialogue for you to consider:
The implementation of global agreements is critical.
There is a need for multi-stakeholder and multi-level collaboration
Member states need to further develop mechanisms to enhance coherence and efficiency.
Too often laws are ignored in countries – increased capacity support is needed in many developing countries to support the implementation of national laws.
Governments can do a lot more to incentivize sustainability as for example the carbon tax.
They can put out recycling targets and have innovation schemes.
Green public procurements need to be expanded at all levels of government
Circular economy is important approach we need to take out the chemicals
Data and monitoring underpins all approaches to addressing pollution and should be at the core of multi-level partnerships.
Building public awareness of the problem will mobilize political will
Voluntary commitments are a good first stage. But it is not enough. More regulation is needed at the international and national level.
Extended producer responsibility should be built in to all products
We need to make sustainable products more affordable with government incentives
Clean industry and other stakeholders should work together in Multi Stakeholder partnerships to promote innovative solutions and help build local capacity to address pollution.
Addressing corruption in public and private sectors will underpin all approaches to addressing pollution.
UNEA more clearly needs to input to the HLPF – this should include UNEA 4 addressing the environmental contribution to the Heads of State HLPF in 2019
2017 was the 25th anniversary of the death of Mike Harskin his friends got together to celebrate his life and to tell stories about him. Vincent Hanna's former Newsnight BBC correspondent elique from 1992 perhaps says it best/ Hanna - himself now unfortunately not with us was supposed to be at a G7 meeting in Birmingham helping the government with the media for the event instead he spoke of his moments with Mike:
“I asked why the YLs and not the Young Socialists – ‘they always have a true faith, an orthodoxy, against which some group are constantly in schism. And everyone knows that half-believers are far worse than complete heretics’[he said]. I met Mike at by-elections. He was one of the celebrated notorious crew, whom David Steel said didn’t exist, who inhabited the neither regions of the Party office.
“[Mike was an integral part of the] tiny crew who slept under photo-copiers and produced propaganda. It was dramatic stuff, scurrilous, offensive, acerbic, funny, unfair, occasionally half true or untrue, and it terrified the other parties to death.
“I thought it was wonderful. Here were two great Party machines with offset printers clacking away, with glossy posters by the mile, highly paid staff, flashy cars, being driven rat-arsed by three Liberals with a letraset, a photocopier, a typewriter and a pot of paste.
“And Harskin was the worst. Peter Chegwyn said to me: “He’s talented Mike, you know but he goes a bit over the top.
In short, Mike Harskin was the most honorable of British political things, a pamphleteer……
“We live - relatively speaking – in a decent and humane society. People are not often imprisoned without a trial or arbitrarily executed. The opposition we see comes neatly packaged from government ministers and state torture is usually accompanied by redundancy payments.
“But in many other countries of the world you will find Mike Harskin. He’ll be living in some safe house, or keeping one jump ahead of the security police, or sharing a prison cell with a trade union leader or an outspoken priest.
“Without the Mike Harskins of this world or the next, opposition would be just a little bit more deep-rooted, and injustice more widespread.
“Mike Harskin took and gave no more – in the struggle. But nowadays that is edge is all you can have – the difference between night and day, or life or death.”
The Nigerian Mission hosted a Seminar with Aviva Investors on the theme of Promoting Responsible Investments to finance the Sustainable Development Goals. Speakers included Gavin Power, Steve Waygood, Simson Zadek and Shari Spiegal.
October was also the Humphrey Bogart Film Festival. which I attended. This year is the 75th anniversary of Casablanca. It is one of the great films that has survived the sands of time. It is an extraordinary film not just because of the story that is told on screen but also the back story to who is in the film and why.
The film came out in November 1942 in the middle of the Second World War. Rushed out to take advantage of the publicity from the Allied invasion of North Africa a few weeks earlier. The original play was called Everyone Comes to Ricks. What most people do not realize is that the film has only three of its main actors who were born in the US. These are Humphrey Bogart playing Rick Blaine, Dooley Wilson as Sam the pianist, and Joy Page the young Bulgarian refugee Annina Brandel.
Most of the rest of the cast were refugee actors from Europe who had fled the Nazi occupation and persecution. This included Paul Henreid who had equal billing with Bogart and Bergman. He was a banned Austrian actor who was also banned in Germany. He was strongly anti-Nazi, so much so that he was designated an "official enemy of the Third Reich". In the film he plays Bergman’s husband Victor Laszlo, a renowned fugitive Czech Resistance leader. The wonderful Peter Lorre (born László Löwenstein;) born in Hungary – Jewish – so when the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Lorre took refuge first in Paris and then London and then the US. I could go on. The film was in many ways an opportunity to give refugee actors from Europe work and support. Many were also being put up in the homes of fellow actors while they worked to establish themselves in the US.
September i was attending the UN General Assembly High-Level Segment. One of the best events was and in the margins, AVIVA, UN Foundation, and others launched the World BEnchmarkign Alliance at the New York Library. The WBA will rank companies based on their sustainability performance and contributions towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). WBA will make the information on companies also publicly available and free of charge.
Benchmarks provide a powerful incentive for companies to improve their sustainability performance and help to track progress, improve understanding and promote dialogue. Benchmarks will be designed through a multi-stakeholder process to ensure they reflect societal expectations. This will be a powerful and potentially transformative way to achieve this is to produce international league tables that measure and compare the performance of companies on the SDGs.